The Spanish regular present ( -ER and -IR verbs)

Posted by in Foundation- A0
  • Font size: Larger Smaller
  • 0 Comments
  • Subscribe to this entry
  • Print

 So, you already know how to “conjugar” (that´s the name of the process of changing the verb depending on the subject) the verb SER, and also the verbs that end in -AR in the infinitive form. 

You have worked hard, and now you understand, mainly, how verbs work in Spanish. Maybe you had some doubts about “vosotros” and “ellos”, but you finished the exercises, and maybe you had one or two Skype Spanish lesson with one of our teachers, so they solved out most of your doubts (I hope so!).

So now it´s time to complete the picture and learn how to “conjugar” verbs that end in -ER ( eg: comer(to eat), beber (to drink) deber ( to must)... ), and -IR ( vivir ( to live), escribir (to write)...)

 

Student note: Come on, I can´t wait! Shoot it to me, baby!

 Present tense of -er and -ir verbs

Hehe, oh, you, imaginary student, keep calm and check this two verbs

 

Infinitivo

To eat

comer

To live

vivir

First Person singular

I → eat

como

I → live

vivo

Second Person singular

You → eat

comes

You → live

vives

Third person singular (including single objects!)

He/my friend /Mike → eats

come

He/ the prime minister → lives

vive

First person plural

We → eat

comemos

We → live

vivimos

Second person plural

You → eat

coméis

You → live

vivís

Third person plural (including plural objects!)

They /my friends / The singers→ eat

comen

They /Mike and Tom→ live

viven

 

*Important note: As you may have noticed, the verb “SER” is irregular, it doesn´t work like verb “comer” even though it ends in -ER

Here we go, with your favourite part, the sentences! Grab your dictionary, and give this sentences a well deserved amount of time and self-effort

Sentences to practise your -er and -ir verbs

Where do you live?

¿Dónde vives?

I live in the center of Barcelona

Vivo en el centro de Barcelona

Where does your brother work?

¿Dónde trabaja tu hermano?

I eat a lot of meat

Como mucha carne

You eat a lot of fish

Como mucho pescado

My friends eat a lot of fruits

Mis amigos comen muchas frutas

You and me write very well in Japanese

Tú y yo escribimos muy bien en Japonés

My parents don´t drink beer

Mis padres no beben cerveza

But my father drinks white wine

Pero mi padre bebe vino blanco

You must eat fruit

Debes comer fruta *

Your sister must be a model

Tu hermana debe ser una modelo *

Where do your brothers eat?

¿Dónde comen tus hermanos?

Obama doesn´t eat meat, he is vegetarian

Obama no come carne, es vegetariano

Do you-all drink wine?

¿Bebéis vino?

I don´t drink Coke

No bebo Coca-Cola

 

* IMPORTANT NOTE: When having two verbs together, the second one goes in its Infinitive form.

So :

- I must eat → debo comer

- Mi father must work → Mi padre debe trabajar

Saying something like “ Debo como” or “Mi padre debe trabaja” is a big mistake!

 

If you could understand the sentences above 100%, then you already know how to make the present tense in Spanish, congratulations!

In next lessons I will give you the bad news (irregular verbs, and so on), but for now, just enjoy your knowdlege and make some exercises!

0

Comments

  • No comments made yet. Be the first to submit a comment

Leave your comment

Guest Saturday, 24 June 2017

© Copyright 2017 Alberto Profesor - Online Spanish school Alberto Profesor