Definite articles, or how things go plural

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Hello Mr/Mrs student! If you are here it means that you already know about the Gender of Nouns in Spanish and how important that is!. 

By the way... do you remember how to say “the street” in Spanish? And what about “the car”?. 

Good! I´m sure you did it well :) .

Well, those “el” and “la” are called definite articles. In English is easier, because you have only one definite article (“The”), but in Spanish you have already seen that we have two... at least. 

The 4 Definite articles in Spanish

The truth is that we have 4 Definite articles depending on the noun they go with.

 

If the noun is male and singular then: The → El

If the noun is female and singular then: The → La

If the noun is male and plural then : The → Los

If the nouns is female and plural then: The → Las

 

(student ) : I know how to know if a nouns is male or female, but you haven´t taught us how to know if a noun is singular or plural!

How to make the plural of Spanish nouns 

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Yes, that´s a really easy thing! Because it´s the same as in English. Plural nouns end in -S.

If you want to make the plural of a noun that ends in a vowel (a,e, i,o,u), you just add -s at the end.

 

Singular

Plural

casa

casas

libro

libros

calle

calles

And if the noun ends in a consonant, we make it plural by adding -es at the end 

 

Singular

Plural

ordenador

ordenadores

televisión

televisiones

ciudad

ciudades 

 

 

 

 

 

So, coming back to the definite articles, how would you say “the city” ?

(student) La ciudad! That´s easy Alberto!

Hehe, it seems easy, but you need to be able to set your base solid, so no mistakes allowed! :).

And...how do you say “The cities”?

(student) Las ciudades! That was not that easy...

Well done! ¡Las ciudades!.



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