Adjectives and the Spanish concordance

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This post we are going to talk about the Spanish adjectives, something really important when you already master the use of nouns. 
So make sure that you already know how the gender of nouns and the definite articles work before keep going on!.

What´s an adjective?

An adjective is a word that modify a noun, primarily by describing a particular quality of the word, as “good” in “a good car”, or “silly” as in “silly person”.

The first difference you will see between English adjectives and Spanish adjectives is their position in the sentence. While in English adjectives normally go before the noun ( the good man), in Spanish the adjectives go after the noun ( el hombre bueno)

But that is only the beginning!

In Spanish, adjectives have to match the gender of the noun they are describing. And, they also need change if the noun is in a plural form.

The 4 versions of Spanish adjectives

 

So, there are 4 different versions of the same adjective. 

For example:

Cheap 

Barato

The cheap car

El coche barato

The cheap house

La casa barata

The cheap cars

Los coches baratos

The cheap houses

Las casas baratas

 

IMPORTANT NOTE

Note that in English, the word “The” and the word “cheap” don´t change at all, while in the Spanish translation, we have 4 versions of each!

 

IMPORTANT NOTE

When an adjective is presented on its own, it is shown in its male-singular form

 

 

 

(student note) I think I´m getting it...but how do I change an adjective to female, or plural?

Well, as a general rule, adjectives that end in -o in the masculine singular form, delete the -o and add an -a for the female form.

And, to make them plural, you will just need to add an -s at the end.

(student note) More examples please!! 

There you are!:

 

El coche...

La casa...

Los coches...

Las casas...

Expensive  caro

caro

cara

caros

caras

Old viejo

viejo

vieja

viejos

viejas

Red rojo

rojo

roja

rojos

rojas

 Makes more sense now? 

Now...the bad news!

Not all the adjetives end in -o . There are many other kind of adjetives.

Spanish adjectives ending in -e

We could say that adjectives that end in -e will have the same form for male and female versions, and the will just need to add an -s at the end to become plural.

Examples!:

 

El coche...

La casa...

Los coches...

Las casas...

Big grande

grande

grande

grandes

grandes

Green  verde

verde

verde

verdes

verdes

There are more “endings” and more rules, and more stuff about adjectives...but we´ll see it in the future. For now, just concentrate in being able to choose the right version in the adjetives that end in -o or -e (in the male singular form).

Are adjectives in Spanish more clear now? If you have any doubt don't hesitate and leave a comment!

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